Pigeon - Columbia livia (domest.)
Pigeons are rock doves that were domesticated
but have returned to their original wild state.
The pigeons were domesticated for a number
of reasons, food, homing pigeons for messages
and sport (racing pigeons) or even for their
differing plumage and displayed as fancy pigeons.
pigeon's lifespan can vary. In the wild they
can live up to 5 years but some pigeons in
captivity have lived for 30 years. Their
'natural' habitat is coastal cliffs but their
domestication has brought the pigeons to
buildings in our cities throughout the world
where they live happily feeding on seeds
in the fields or bread and other foodstuffs
discarded by people.
are excellent fliers reaching speeds of around
75mph but are not migratory. The female pigeon
lays two white eggs and the emerging young
pigeons are known as squabs.